Monthly Archives: September 2012

Words Heal

Just read a review by Gary Wills of a book by Peter Brown about St. Augustine and other early saints. Augustine was someone who couldn’t live outside a community. He needed friends around him from his earliest years and later as a bishop lived in a community, because he appreciated  the help he got from others. It wasn’t that he needed an audience. He needed others to carry him along, to put up with him, because he was a sinner.

In a sermon in today’s liturgy of the hours, Augustine scolds the shepherds of the church for not befriending their flock. Their sheep want good pasture; they’re looking for healing. “You have failed to strengthen the weak,” the Lord says to them. They need shepherds, but do they also need friends?

Augustine turns to the  paralyzed man in the gospel. He needed friends to carry him to be healed, friends with faith in him, friends to bear his burden. They carry him up the roof and lower him down into the presence of Jesus. Yet, before Jesus says a word to the paralytic, did he hear from his friends, “Don’t be afraid?”

 

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A Pilgrimage to Italy

Venice

A number of us are going on a pilgrimage to Italy, October 17-27. I spoke about the trip to some of my companions a few days ago.

“When you discover the world around you, you discover the world within you.”

We’ll be soon on our pilgrimage to northern Italy and Rome. If you have access to the internet, look up the places we’ll be visiting–Venice, Padua, Siena, Florence, Lucca, Rome, Pompei. There’s a wealth of free information available,

But let me recommend some resources.  We’ll begin our pilgrimage in Venice, the ancient maritime republic on the Adriatic Sea. Like other small powerful maritime states– England, Holland and Portugal– Venice, which is now part of Italy, was once an independent global power skilled in using the sea. Even today, the region around Venice is economically better off than other regions of Italy, largely because of Venetian economic acumen.

For centuries, the Venetian republic was linked to the Byzantine and Muslim worlds through the sea and many of its treasures, like the relics of St. Mark, come from those parts of the world. Its buildings and its art are also strongly influenced by the building and art of its trading partners.

An excellent new book on the history of Venice,  (City of Fortune: How Venice Ruled the Seas,  by Robert Crowley,  2012) offers a vivid description of the part Venice played in the Crusades and its relations to the Muslim and Byzantine empires. It’s a history that can throw light on our relationship with the Middle East today.

The best commentary on the art of Venice and Padua I’ve found is John Ruskin’s, The Stones of Venice and Giotto and his Works in Padua, both available free at Apple’s iTunes on the internet. Ruskin has a beautiful description of the art in St. Mark’s Cathedral in Venice, one of the great wonders of the world. We’ll celebrate Mass in the cathedral begun in 976 after fire destroyed an earlier building.

Padua, once the capital of Venice and also its rival, is still one of Italy’s intellectual centers.  The brilliant Italian scientist Galileo Galilei, a towering figure of the scientific world, was born in the 17th century in Pisa, in Tuscany, and studied, taught and lectured in Pisa and Padua as well as in Florence, where he and his family made their home. He’s called the father of experimental science; his work in astronomy drew criticism from the church of his time and made him a symbol of the conflict between faith and science.

However, he was a deeply religious man, Catholic to the core. Two of his daughters entered the convent outside Florence and one of them, Sister Maria Celeste, carried on a long, tender correspondence with her brilliant father.

Galileo believed that nature was a teacher along with the bible, and he wanted the church to accept scientific knowledge, otherwise it could be called an enemy of truth and human progress. Like others then and now, he believed that the bible taught you how to go to heaven and not how the heavens go.

His story is beautifully and carefully told in a recent book:

(Galileo’s Daughter: A Historical Memoir of Science, Faith and Love, Dava Sobel,  New York 1999). There’s a television version:  Galileo: Battle for the Heavens, that you can find on Nova’s internet site.

I admire the author’s even-handed description of the relations between the scientist and the churchmen who condemned him for what they considered heretical ideas. “A tragic mutual incomprehension has been interpreted as the reflection of a fundamental opposition between science and faith, “ Pope John Paul said with regret   in 1992.

Galileo was a believing scientist. I think believing scientists like Galileo and artists like Giotto (+1336) are going to be important figures in our church and our society in the future. Scientists and artists help us to know God through truth and beauty. Giotto revived people’s imagination by the treasures he left in Padua, Assisi, Florence and Rome.

Saints also strengthen our hope for the future, so we’ll keep our eyes open for the saints in the cities we’re visiting. Anthony of Padua, Catherine of Siena, Fra Angelico of Florence. We’ll celebrate Mass in their shrines in Padua and Siena.

At Lucca we’ll visit the shrine of St. Gemma. (1878-1903} Lucca is a lovely old Italian city near the Mediterranean Sea. Gemma is an “Unsuccessful Saint,” a beautiful young woman of the 19th century who in one way never achieved her dreams, yet God touched her in ways deeper than she could have ever imagined. Her life contradicts so many visions of success that our society holds. We’re going to look into her world and her life. She’s a sign that God still raises up “the lowly.”

A friend of mine offered me some wonderful notes on life and times in Lucca in Gemma’s day. Among other interesting facts, Giacomo Puccini (1858-1924), the opera composer, was from Lucca. He composed “La Bohème” which premiered in 1896. “Although Puccini did not write an opera about Gemma, he was considered incomparable in delineating frail, simple heroines like her.”

Gemma seems so unlike Catherine of Siena (1347-1380), whose shrine we will visit in Siena. Named a “Doctor of the Church” in 1970, she’s the patron saint of Italy along with Francis of Assisi.  The “Black Death” claimed one third of the population of the cities of Italy during her lifetime, at the same time the church was sunk in scandals and corruption. Catherine wasn’t afraid to scold popes, bishops, priests and politicians, and by reconciling feuding Italian cities she sparked new life into the soul of Italy.

Saints have different missions and model God’s grace in different ways, and so both Catherine and Gemma exemplify how God’s grace works in us.

Here’s some material on Gemma. http://www.cptryon.org/compassion/75/gemma.html

On Catherine, there’s a fine interview with a Dominican writer at: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EvlA9FBAk24

In Rome we’ll visit St. Peter’s, of course, and also Pompei, where modern archeology got its start in the 18th century. There’s a novel by Paul Harris called “Pompei” that’s worth reading; a story of that city’s last days that’s carefully researched. We’ll say hello to the pope at his Wednesday audience and celebrate Mass in St. Peter’s.

We’re going to visit  the motherhouse of my community, the Passionists, while in Rome. Saints John and Paul is located in one of Rome’s oldest areas, on the Coelian Hill, not far from the Colosseum.  Nero’s gardens were here; much of the present monastery is built over the ruins of the Temple of Claudius, another Roman emperor.  Under the Church of Saints John and Paul are the remnants of a house where Christians met around the 4th century. Early Christian saints are buried here. It’s a tight squeeze to get a large group into the underground ruins, but I’ll see if we can get there. We’ll also visit the chapel that holds the remains of the founder of my own community, St. Paul of the Cross.

You get an overview on the Coelian Hill of the history of Rome and the Catholic church. Cardinal Egan, the retired archbishop of New York, is the titular head of this old Roman church.

I wrote about this place here.

https://vhoagland.wordpress.com/2008/11/24/house-church-on-the-celian-hill/

http://www.cptryon.org/compassion/sum01/index.html

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Who Do You Say I Am?

I’ve been reading lately a book by Yves Congar, OP, a leading theologian at the Second Vatican Council fifty years ago. It’s called simply, “Jesus Christ.” (Herder and  Herder, New York, 1966)

Congar begins his book describing the religious situation in France in his day. The French were becoming a people living without God, he says. They’re like people with cancer and don’t know it. And no one is telling them about it.

They think they’re self-sufficient. They can do anything through their own powers; they don’t need anyone’s ideas but their own; they make their own decisions and choices.

They largely dismiss religion as something that doesn’t matter, or doesn’t matter much. They’re not going to church. If someone explained what they think, it would go like this: “God…so what? I prefer ordinary people to churchgoers. Religion is nothing but a superior, subtle form of egotism. What has religion to do with work, with human love, with human problems, large or small, with real life?”

I remember hearing that description of religion in France fifty years ago and saying to myself, “The poor French! Here in the United States it’s so different. Our churches are filled, our Catholic schools and parishes are thriving. We have the faith here.”

Well, fifty years later I think Congar’s description of religion in France fits us as well.

Today is Catechetical Sunday. We are beginning many of our programs in religious education and formation this month. We need to recognize the situation we face and humbly ask God to help us and bless what we do.

A recent issue of the Jesuit magazine America was devoted to this topic. One article by a religion teacher caught my eye. It’s called “Help Their Unbelief.” Let me quote from it.

“Anyone interested in Catholic education must acknowledge that today’s students emerge from a culture indifferent to the existence of God. And to the extent they do consider the matter, students typically doubt that God exists. They are skeptical about religious belief and sometimes hostile to it, and they are convinced that there is no objective truth.

“In addition to the influences of culture, religious belief rarely receives the support in the crucible of faith formation, the home. If religion receives any attention, it is often one item on a menu of activities that compete for the family’s time. A surprising percentage of students are also wounded. Every week, as a teacher of sophomores and seniors, I learn something that stuns me, something of the powerful aftershocks of divorce, alcoholism and depression. Many young people have no consistent , loving authority figure, no reliable model of virtue and no stable community. They often have no one to trust.”

(Matt Emerson,  Help Their Unbelief, America, September 10-17,2012)

That’s a sobering picture of religious formation today, isn’t it? But it states frankly the challenges we face.

Now,  let me return to Fr. Congar and his book “Jesus Christ” from fifty years ago. He offers some insights about how we got to the unbelief that’s spreading through the western world, but the remedy he offers is all important. It’s Jesus Christ, the Word of God made flesh, God with us, “the goodness and kindness of God” that has appeared to us. Jesus is “he who is, who was and is to come.”

Congar says to look at the humanity of Jesus. Listen to his words, look at how he learned about life from Mary and Joseph, follow him as he graciously welcomes people, especially those whom others don’t welcome at all, study God walking in time and place, look at him weak, fearful, brave, suffering, praying as he dies on a cross.

He did not come to a perfect world then; he does not come to one now.  He faced unbelief before.  “Who do you say I am,” he asks his disciples, who had been with him so long. “You are the Messiah,” Peter answers, but he does not understand it very well. So much about Jesus, particularly the mystery of the Cross, he does not understand at all. “You’re thinking as human beings do. You’re like Satan,”  Jesus tells him.

But he did not abandon imperfect disciples then, and he does not abandon them now. Jesus faced doubt and doubters before, people who dismissed him, people hostile to him, but he set his face on his mission and did not give it up. He remains steady on that mission. He will reveal God to us now and will also reveal to us what it means to be truly human.

We are called to his school again, the youngest of us and the oldest. It’s the most important school we can go to, where Jesus is our Teacher and Lord.

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Exaltation of the Holy Cross

The feast we celebrate today  (September 14) originated in the 4th century in Jerusalem, the city where Jesus died and rose again. On September 13, 335 AD  an immense throng of Christians gathered to dedicate a church built by theEmperor Constantine over the empty tomb of Jesus and the place where he was crucified– Golgotha.

The resplendent church, one of the world’s largest, was called the Anastasis (Resurrection), or the Church of the Holy Sepulcher. Christian pilgrims from all over the world still flock to see where Jesus was buried and where he died.

Until the Moslem conquest of Jerusalem in the 7th century,  bishops, Christians from all over the Roman empire came here annually to celebrate the feast, which went on for 8 days. It was Holy Week and Easter in September. One visitor, Egeria, a widely-traveled 4th century nun, said the celebration recalled the Church’s dedication, but also the day when “the Cross of the Lord was found here.”

Many Christian denominations continue to celebrate the Feast of the Holy Cross on September 14th.

If you visit Jerusalem’s Old City today you’ll see a smaller, shabbier successor to Constantine’s great church, which was largely destroyed in 1009 AD by the insane Moslem caliph al-Hakim and was only half rebuilt in the 11th century by the Crusaders. Today the church bears the scars of sixteen centuries of wars, earthquakes, fires, and natural disasters.

The scars of a divided Christendom also appear in the church, where various Christian groups, upholding age-old rights, warily guard their own turf. Visitors have to wonder: Does this place proclaim the great mystery that unfolded here?

Our reaction to this church is like our reaction to the sacraments;  we ask Is This All There Is? It takes time to discover the Cross and its triumph.

Here are some pictures of the great church.

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Distractions

Gloria Ziemienski kindly gave me a copy of her new book of poems the other day: There are Times:Pages from a Poet’s Journal. This is one of them.

Distractions

I sit in the quiet, praying.

a name comes to my mind.

As I pray for her,

I’m reminded of someone

or something else

and my mind takes off in

unplanned directions

which lead me toward

another someone or something,

until I gather my thoughts

and rein them all in,

trying to collect myself,

trying not to feel guilty

about my wandering mind.

 

Then I recall that St. Paul urges us

to pray without ceasing,

so I decide to take You with me

in my mind’s wanderings,

and offer you this day as my prayer.

 

January 21,2008

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Blessed are the poor in spirit

There is no doubt that the poor find it easier than the rich to receive the blessing of humility; for gentleness goes with poverty just as pride more commonly goes with riches. Nevertheless,  many rich people find that their wealth does not swell them up with pride: rather, they do good and benevolent things with it. For these people the greatest treasure is what they spend in relieving the distress and hardship of others.

  In the virtue of humility people of every kind and every standing meet together, because though they differ in their means they share a common purpose. Their inequality of wealth makes no difference if they are equal in spiritual blessings.
  What kind of poverty, then, is blessed? The kind that is not in love with earthly things and does not seek worldly riches: the kind that longs to be filled with the blessings of heaven.
Pope Leo the Great

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Religion and Politics

The 22nd Sunday of the Year

I know we have to keep religion and politics separate, but I think this Sunday’s first reading from the Book of Deuteronomy suggests some connections between the two.

Can we learn something from this book of the Old Testament as we elect leaders and have our political conventions today? The Book of Deuteronomy describes a great political, as well as religious, event in the history of the Jewish people.  It’s a collection of speeches that Moses gave to the Israelites as they were preparing to go into the Promised Land after escaping from Egypt. Deuteronomy itself means “words.”  What would politics be without words?

Moses speaks to the people, not in a convention hall, but in the desert, south of the Dead Sea. They haven’t crossed the River Jordan yet. They’ve been wandering for years; they’re tired; this is a tough place to be. Yet here, Moses calls them to take the next step in their history. They haven’t had it easy, and Moses pulls no punches; the road ahead isn’t easy either.

The first thing Moses does is keep his peoples’ dreams alive. He reminds people where they came from. “Remember, you came from Mount Sinai where God spoke to you and made a covenant with you and promised God would be with you, no matter what.   God doesn’t fail you. You’ll be a wise and intelligent people,” Moses says, “if you remember this above all:  God is close to you, when you call upon him.”

Religion brings hope and perspective to politics. It invites us to see life in big terms, not small. We are not just people wandering through life with a few human dreams. We are not people figuring out how to get along.We are bearers of  God’s dreams. Religion expands the reach of politics which, as we know, can become so selfcentered and narrow.

Moses speaks forcefully to the people of their failures on this journey. They haven’t always made good choices. They’ve made bad choices, selfish choices. The reason why they wandered in the desert was not God’s fault but their own.

What is interesting is that Moses doesn’t blame one group or some individuals for the failures. We’re all responsible for the failures of our society, Moses says, and he includes himself.

I don’t think we recognize or admit our own faults in our own political process as we see him do it.  We’re not good at admitting common responsibility.  We’re not good at recognizing and admitting we all are at fault. We like blaming others.

Listen, Israel, Moses says to them.  “Hear what I’m teaching you to observe, that you may live, and may enter in and take possession of the land which the LORD, your God, is giving you.”

Follow God’s teachings, Moses tells the people. God’s teachings seem very simple, but they’re crucial. Remember the Lord, your God. Remember there’s a bigger reality in life than you. God has a plan for this world. You shall not kill, you shall not steal, you shall not lie, you shall not commit adultery, you shall not be greedy.  Jesus later condensed it into two sentences: Love the Lord your God, and love your neighbor as yourself.

Certainly today we’re living in a very complex, sophisticated world, our problems are immense, our challenges massive. We need smart people to help us figure out the future. We need think-tanks and experts to help us navigate the world before us.

But Jesus says in today’s gospel today: Don’t forget the human heart.  All the structures we build, all the economic, social and political changes we make, wont work without the human heart, without its efforts, its goodness and its love.

Does religion have a place in the world of politics? Yes, it does. It did in the days of Moses and it does in our day too.

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